Pathways of Public Service & Civic Engagement
CEL categorizes community or civic engagement activities into the following types or pathways. This typology informs the Pathways of Public Service & Civic Engagement workshop. The Pathways describe a range of possibilities by which people can make a contribution to the common good. The pathways overlap and it is common for people to work in more than one pathway or move between pathways over time. Learn more about each pathway below.
Community Engaged Learning and Research: Connecting coursework and academic research to community-identified concerns to enrich knowledge and inform action on social issues.
Community Organizing and Activism: Involving, educating, and mobilizing individual or collective action to influence or persuade others.
Direct Service: Working to address the immediate needs of individuals or a community, often involving contact with the people or places being served.
Philanthropy: Donating or using private funds or charitable contributions from individuals or institutions to contribute to the public good.
Policy and Governance: Participating in political processes, policymaking, and public governance.
Social Entrepreneurship and Corporate Social Responsibility: Using ethical business or private sector approaches to create or expand market-oriented responses to social or environmental problems.
*Adapted from Pathways of Public Service, in partnership with the Haas Center for Public Service, Stanford University.